Monday, April 20, 2015

New book on Axel Honneth’s Political Thought



Recognition and Freedom
Axel Honneth’s Political Thought

Ed. by Jonas Jakobsen & Odin Lysaker

(Brill, 2015)

286 pages



Description

Recognition and Freedom brings together leading international scholars to discuss the political thought of the social philosopher Axel Honneth. In addition to providing an introduction to Honneth’s political thought, the book examines topics such as education, solidarity, multiculturalism, agonism, neo-liberalism and the ways in which these issues challenge core aspects of liberal democracies. The book includes an interview with Axel Honneth in the light of his most recent work, Freedom’s Right, as well as an essay by him previously unpublished in English.

Contents [preview]

Introduction - Odin Lysaker & Jonas Jakobsen

1. Education and the Democratic Public Sphere [video] [German text] - Axel Honneth
2. Recognition, Education, and Civic Equality - Simon Laumann Jørgensen
3. Recognition, Solidarity, and the Politics of Esteem - Arto Laitinen
4. Sociality, Anti-Sociality, and Social Work - Heikki Ikäheimo
5. Dimensions of Freedom: Axel Honneth’s Critique of Liberalism - Morten Raffnsøe-Møller
6. Surplus of Indeterminacy: A Hegelian Critique of Neoliberalism - Arne Johan Vetlesen
7. Democratic Disagreement and Embodied Dignity - Odin Lysaker
8. Contextualising Religious Pain: Saba Mahmood, Axel Honneth, and the Danish Cartoons - Jonas Jakobsen
9. Inquiries into Identity: The Struggle for Recognition in Erik Allardt’s Study of Ethnic Conflicts - Arvi-Antti Särkelä
10. Ultimate Values and Immanent Critique - Carl-Göran Heidegren
11. Writing History from a Normative Point of View - Jørgen Pedersen
12. Freedom, Solidarity, and Democracy: An Interview with Axel Honneth - Morten Raffnsøe-Møller

Jonas Jakobsen is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University of Tromsø, Norway.

Odin Lysaker is Associate Professor at the University of Agder, Norway.

See also "Krisis: Journal for Contemporary Philosophy" (2013 no, 1), which features six essays on Axel Honneth's book "Freedom’s Right" and a reply by Honneth.

Tuesday, April 14, 2015

Essays on Rawls's Political Liberalism



Rawls's Political Liberalism

Ed. by Thom Brooks & Martha C. Nussbaum

(Columbia University Press, May 2015)

224 pages




Description

Widely hailed as one of the most significant works in modern political philosophy, John Rawls's Political Liberalism (1993) defended a powerful vision of society that respects reasonable ways of life, both religious and secular. These core values have never been more critical as anxiety grows over political and religious difference and new restrictions are placed on peaceful protest and individual expression.

This anthology of original essays suggests new, groundbreaking applications of Rawls's work in multiple disciplines and contexts. 

Contents [preview]

Preface - Thom Brooks & Martha C. Nussbaum

Introduction - Martha C. Nussbaum

1. Changing Constructions - Onora O'Neill

2. Legitimacy and the Project of Political Liberalism [pdf] - Paul Weithman

3. Isolating Public Reasons - Jeremy Waldron

4. The Capabilities Approach and Political Liberalism - Thom Brooks

5. The Priority of Liberty - Frank I. Michelman

Sunday, April 12, 2015

Follesdal on European identity and public spheres

Two papers by Professor Andreas Føllesdal on European identity and public spheres:

* "A Common European Identity for European Citizenship?" (pdf, 2014)

* "Democracy, Identity and European Public Spheres" (pdf, 2015)

Andreas Føllesdal is Professor of Political Philosophy at the Faculty of Law, University of Oslo. He is co-editor (with Reidar Maliks) of "Kantian Theory and Human Rights" (Routledge, 2014). See my post on the book here.

Thursday, April 09, 2015

Habermas on the Adorno/Scholem Correspondence

"Die Zeit" (April 9, 2015) features an essay by Jürgen Habermas on the Adorno/Scholem correspondence published in "Theodor W. Adorno/Gershom Scholem Briefwechsel 1939-1969: Der liebe Gott wohnt im Detail" (Suhrkamp Verlag, 2015):

"Vom Funken der Wahrheit"
[not yet available online]

Excerpts
"Adorno und Scholem sind an dem möglichen Wahrheitsgehalt interessiert, den die monotheistischen Überlieferungen unter Bedingungen der Moderne noch entfalten können. Sie suchen nicht nach mythischen oder vorsokratischen Ursprüngen. Der Mythos, den der Logos der großen Weltreligionen überwunden hatte, darf nicht »das letzte Wort behalten«. Nietzsche ist abwesend, und der Schwefel geruch des neuheidnischen Nietzscheanismus erst recht. Das »Umschlagen der Mystik in Aufklärung« bezeichnet den Ort, an dem sich Adorno und Scholem treffen. Dieser hatte das Fortwirken der abgründigen Lehren eines Luria von Safed in den frankistischen Sekten des 18. Jahrhunderts untersucht und bis in die Französische Revolution hinein verfolgt. An dieser revolutionären Einmischung heterodoxer Lehren in die säkulare Gesellschaft sind die beiden aus verschiedenen Gründen interessiert. 

Einem junghegelianischen Adorno steht der Zerfall der Hegelschen Philosophie vor Augen – der »Verwesungsprozess des absoluten Geistes« (Marx). Er sieht im Wahrheitskern der liegen gelassenen Metaphysik ein transzendierendes, ein befreiendes Moment, das die dumpfe Immanenz eines alle Lebensbezirke durchdringenden Kapitalismus aufsprengen könnte. Wie kann dieser Wahrheitskern in den fortgeschrittensten Gestalten der Moderne, vor allem in der Kunst, wirksam werden? Unter dieser Fragestellung empfiehlt Adorno Scholem seine Deutung von Schönbergs Oper Moses und Aron als einem »sakralen Fragment«. Als dieser skeptisch bleibt, wirbt er im Februar 1964 hartnäckig um Verständnis: »Mir will es scheinen, und ich dächte, auch Sie müßten dazu neigen, daß die einzige Möglichkeit, sakrale Kunst, ebenso wie ihren philosophischen Wahrheitsgehalt, zu retten, heute in der rücksichtslosen Einwanderung ins Profane liegt.«

Aber Scholem interessiert sich nicht für die kulturelle Gestalt eines philosophisch vermittelten Wahrheitsgehalts religiösen Ursprungs, der die säkulare Gesellschaft zu sich selber befreien sollte. Vielmehr sucht er in der Dimension der jüdischen Überlieferung, in der sich die Offenbarung fortsetzt, nach Funken der religiösen Wahrheit selbst. So wohnen wir in diesem Briefwechsel einer merkwürdigen Fortsetzung der ehrwürdigen Diskussion über den Gott Abrahams, Isaaks und Jakobs auf der einen, den Gott der Philosophen auf der anderen Seite bei. Scholem sucht die Stimme Gottes in der Tradition, Adorno nur noch dessen anonymes Pochen in den »Schründen« einer entstellten kapitalistischen Gesellschaft." 

Saturday, April 04, 2015

Richard Arneson on Equality of Opportunity

Richard Arneson has updated his entry on "Equality of Opportunity" at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy:

"Equality of Opportunity"

See also

* Richard Arneson on Egalitarianism and Justice

* Richard Arneson on Luck Egalitarianism

* Richard Arneson on Rethinking Luck Egalitarianism [pdf]

Review of Shlomi Segall on Egalitarianism

At "Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews", Blain Neufeld reviews Shlomi Segall's "Equality of Opportunity" (Oxford University Press, 2013):

Review of "Equality and Opportunity"

Abstract
In this book, Shlomi Segall formulates a 'luck egalitarian' conception of justice and applies that conception to the policy areas of hiring, education, upbringing, and health. He also argues for the superiority of his conception of justice over rival luck egalitarian and 'relational egalitarian' views. While Segall's conception of justice strikes me as more plausible than the luck egalitarian alternatives that he discusses, I do not think that he scores any decisive points against the relational egalitarian approach to theorizing about justice.

Blain Neufeld is Associate Professor at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee.

Many of Shlomi Segall's papers are available here.


Some of my previous blog posts on egalitarianism:

* Iwai Hirose on Egalitarianism 

* Richard Arneson on Egalitarianism and Justice

* Richard Arneson on Luck Egalitarianism

* Zofia Stemplowska on Luck Egalitarianism

* Elizabeth Anderson on Egalitarianism

Thursday, April 02, 2015

Wolfgang Streeck's response to Habermas

Wolfgang Streeck's response to Habermas's critique of his book "Buying Time: The Delayed Crisis of Democratic Capitalism" (Verso Books, 2014):

"Small-State Nostalgia? The Currency Union, Germany, and Europe: A Reply to Jürgen Habermas" [pdf]



See the original papers in German here:


Jürgen Habermas - "Demokratie oder Kapitalismus? Vom Elend der nationalstaatlichen Fragmentierung in einer kapitalistisch integrierten Weltgesellschaft”, in "Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik" 5/2013, pp. 59-70. [English translation here. Also in J. Habermas - "The Lure of Technocracy" (Polity Press, 2015), pp. 85-102.]


Wolfgang Streeck - "Vom DM-Nationalismus zum Euro-Patriotismus? Ein Replik auf Jürgen Habermas“, in "Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik" 9/2013, pp. 75-92.



See also a paper on the Habermas/Streeck debate:

Thomas Biebricher & Frieder Vogelmann - "Die Zukunft Europas zwischen Demokratie und Kapitalismus" [pdf] [published in "Politische Vierteljahresschrift" 1/2014.]



See also two videos of discussions of Streeck's book:

* Columbia University, April 3, 2014 [Wolfgang Streeck, Adam Tooze, Katharina Pistor, Bruce Kogut, and Josh Whitford.]
* London School of Economics and Political Science, October 20, 2014 [Wolfgang Streeck, Colin Crouch, and David Soskice.] 

Sunday, March 29, 2015

A Festschrift for John Broome


Weighing & Reasoning
Themes from the Philosophy of John Broome

Ed. by Iwao Hirose & Andrew Reisner

(Oxford University Press, March 2015)

272 pages




Description

John Broome has made major contributions to, and radical innovations in, contemporary moral philosophy. His research combines the formal method of economics with philosophical analysis. Broome's works stretch over formal axiology, decision theory, philosophy of economics, population axiology, the value of life, the ethics of climate change, the nature of rationality, and practical and theoretical reasoning. 

Weighing and Reasoning brings together fifteen original essays from leading philosophers who have been influenced by the work and thought of John Broome. It aims to offer a comprehensive evaluation of Broome's wide-ranging and far-reaching philosophical works over the past thirty years. 

Contents [preview]

My Long Road to Philosophy - John Broome 

Part I: Weighing

1. Liberty, Preference Satisfaction, and the Case Against Categories - Geoffrey Brennan 
2. Challenges to the Principle of Personal Good - Doug MacLean 
3. Metasemantics out of Economics? - Anandi Hattiangadi
4. Separability - Iwao Hirose
5. The Social Disvalue of Premature Deaths [pdf] - Hilary Greaves 
6. Being and Well-Being - Krister Bykvist 
7. On the Social and Personal Value of Existence [pdf] - Marc Fleurbaey & Alex Voorhoeve
8. The Affirmative Answer to the Existential Question and the Person Affecting Restriction - Gustaf Arrhenius

Part II: Reasoning

9.   The Meaning of 'Darn It!' [pdf] - Luc Bovens & Wlodek Rabinowicz 
10. Keeping Things Simple - Roger Crisp
11. Moral Requirements - Michael J. Zimmerman
12. Reasons for Broome - Jonathan Dancy
13. Normative Conflicts and the Structure of Normativity - Andrew Reisner 
14. Reasons and Rationality: the Case of Group Agents - Lara Buchak & Philip Pettit
15. Weighing Explanations - Stephen Kearns & Daniel Star 

Saturday, March 28, 2015

New Book: "Reclaiming Democracy"


Reclaiming Democracy
Judgment, Responsibility and the Right to Politics

Ed. by Albena Azmanova & Mihaela Mihai

(Routledge, March 2015)

230 pages




Description

Democracy is in shambles economically and politically. The recent economic meltdown in Europe and the U.S. has substituted democratic deliberation with technocratic decisions. In Athens, Madrid, Lisbon, New York, Pittsburgh or Istanbul, protesters have denounced the incapacity and unwillingness of elected officials to heed to their voices.

While the diagnosis of our political-economic illness has been established, remedies are hard to come. What can we do to restore our broken democracy? Which modes of political participation are likely to have an impact? And what are the loci of political innovation in the wake of the crisis? It is with these questions that Reclaiming Democracy engages. We argue that the managerial approach to solving the crisis violates ‘a right to politics’, that is, a right that our collective life be guided by meaningful politics: by discussion of and decision among genuinely alternative principles and policies. The contributors to this volume are united in their commitment to explore how and where this right can be affirmed in a way that resuscitates democracy in the wake of the crisis. Mixing theoretical reflection and empirical analysis the book offers fresh insights into democracy’s current conundrum and makes concrete proposals about how ‘the right to politics’ can be protected.

Contents [preview]

Introduction [preview] - Albena Azmanova & Mihaela Mihai 

Part 1: Loci of Democracy 

1. Agonism and the Crisis of Representative Democracy - Paulina Tambakaki 
2. Freedom, Democracy, and Working Life - Keith Breen 
3. Technology: The Promises of Communicative Capitalism - Jodi Dean 
4. Ungovernability - Claus Offe 

Part 2: Modes of Democratic Politics 

5. Democracy, Law and Global Finance - Tamara Lothian 
6. Democracy and the Absolute Power of Disembedded Financial Markets - Alessandro Ferrara 
7. Success and Failure in the Deliberative Economy - Arjun Appadurai 
8. The Promise of Global Transparency - Matthew Fluck 

Part 3: Democratic Critique 

9. Neoliberalism, the Street, and the Forum - Noëlle McAfee 
10. Founding Political Critique in a Post-Political World - Nikolas Kompridis 
11. From the Assembly to the Agora - David Chandler

Monday, March 23, 2015

Conference on "Religion and Liberal Political Philosophy"

An international conference on Religion and Liberal Political Philosophy will be held at the University College London, June 10-12, 2015.

The conference is arranged by the Religion and Political Theory Centre at UCL. The centre is led by Professor Cécile Laborde.

Conference themes include secularism, liberal neutrality, religious exemptions, the rights of conscience, and public reason and religious arguments.

Among the speakers are: 

Corey Brettschneider - Brown University 
Jean L. Cohen - Columbia University 
Maeve Cooke - University College Dublin 
Rainer Forst - Goethe University Frankfurt 
Peter Jones - Newcastle University 
Andrew Koppelman - Northwestern University 
Chandran Kukathas - London School of Economics
Cécile Laborde - University College London 
Cristina Lafont - Northwestern University 
Alan Patten - Princeton University 
Enzo Rossi - University of Amsterdam 
Kevin Vallier - Bowling Green State University 
Daniel Weinstock - McGill University 

More information on the conference here.

Saturday, March 14, 2015

Rawls' "Politischer Liberalismus" (Klassiker Auslegen)



John Rawls: Politischer Liberalismus

Hrsg. von Otfried Höffe

(De Gruyter, 2015)

204 S.




Kurzbeschreibung

John Rawls’ zweites Hauptwerk "Politischer Liberalismus" (1993) widmet sich der Frage, wie eine liberale Gesellschaft angesichts des gesellschaftlichen Pluralismus in Gerechtigkeitsfragen zu einem Konsens gelangen kann. In den Beiträgen des Klassiker Auslegen-Bandes wird das Werk von international renommierten Forschern systematisch interpretiert und zugleich Rawls’ Argumentation hinsichtlich ihrer Tragweite, aber auch ihrer Grenzen erörtert.

Inhalt

Vorwort - Otfried Höffe

1. Einführung - Otfried Höffe
2. Gerechtigkeit, Stabilität und Legitimität - Wilfried Hinsch
3. Grundlegende Ideen des Politischen Liberalismus - Peter Koller
4. Die Vermögen der Bürger und ihre Darstellung - Alessandro Pinzani & Denilson L. Werle
5. Politischer Konstruktivismus - Dirk Brantl
6. Die Idee eines übergreifenden Konsenses - Otfried Höffe
7. Der Vorrang des Rechten und die Ideen des Guten - Elif Özmen
8. Grundlagen und Grenzen der öffentlichen Vernunft - Charles Larmore
9. Die Grundstruktur als institutionelle Ausprägung von John Rawlsʼ Gerechtigkeit als Fairness - Lukas H. Meyer
10. Zur Rechtfertigung des Vorrangprinzips - Christoph Horn
11. Ausblick: Das Recht der Völker - Otfried Höffe

Friday, March 13, 2015

Jeremy Waldron on Human Equality

In January/February 2015 Professor Jeremy Waldron delivered six Gifford lectures on "One Another's Equals: The Basis of Human Equality" at the University of Edinburgh:

1. "More than merely equal consideration"

2. "Everyone to count for one" - the logic of basic equality

3. Looking for a range property: Hobbes, Kant, and Rawls

4.  A load-bearing idea: The work of human equality

5. Human dignity and our relation to God

6. Hard and heart-breaking cases: The profoundly disabled as our human equals.

See videos of Waldron's lectures here.

See also a short interview with Jeremy Waldron on his Gifford lectures here.