Monday, June 29, 2015

Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy



Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, Volume 1

Ed. by David Sobel, Peter Vallentyne & Steven Wall

(Oxford University Press, 2015)

336 pages




Description

This is the inaugural volume of Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy (OSPP). Since its revival in the 1970s political philosophy has been a vibrant field in philosophy, one that intersects with jurisprudence, normative economics, political theory in political science departments, and just war theory. OSPP aims to publish some of the best contemporary work in political philosophy and these closely related subfields. 

Contents [preview]

Introduction [preview] - Steven Wall

Part I. Democracy

1. Justice, Political and Social - Philip Pettit 
2. Voting and Causal Responsibility [video] - Geoffrey Brennan & Geoffrey Sayre-McCord 

Part II. Political Liberalism and Public Reason

3. Political Liberalism: Its Motivations and Goals - Charles Larmore 
4. Political Liberalism, Political Independence and Moral Authority [draft] - Dale Dorsey 
5. Against Public Reason [paper] - David Enoch

Part III. Rights and Duties

6. Territorial Rights: Justificatory Strategies [draft] - A. John Simmons
7. Can Reductive Individualists Allow Defense Against Political Aggression?  - Helen Frowe 
8. Elbow Room for Rights - Eric Mack 
9. Rights and Responsibilities - Jonathan Quong & Rebecca Stone 
10. What is Wrongful Exploitation? [draft] - Thomas Christiano

Part IV. Method

11. Value Freeness and Value Neutrality in the Analysis of Political Concepts - Ian Carter 

Tuesday, June 23, 2015

Habermas on the Greek debt crisis and the EU

Jürgen Habermas writes in "Süddeutsche Zeitung" (June 23, 2015) about the Greek debt crisis and the EU: 

"Europa: Sand im Getriebe"

Excerpt

Das griechische Wahlergebnis ist das Votum einer Nation, die sich mit deutlicher Mehrheit gegen das ebenso erniedrigende wie niederdrückende soziale Elend einer dem Land oktroyierten Sparpolitik zur Wehr setzt. An dem Votum selbst gibt es nichts zu deuteln: Die Bevölkerung lehnt die Fortführung einer Politik ab, deren Fehlschlag sie am eigenen Leibe drastisch erfahren hat. Mit dieser demokratischen Legitimation ausgestattet, macht die griechische Regierung den Versuch, einen Politikwechsel in der Euro­Zone herbeizuführen.

Dabei stößt sie in Brüssel auf die Repräsentanten von 18 anderen Regierungen, die ihre Ablehnung mit dem kühlen Hinweis auf ihr eigenes demokratisches Mandat rechtfertigen. Man erinnert sich an jene ersten Begegnungen, als sich die präpotent auftretenden Novizen in der Hochstimmung ihres Triumphes mit den teils paternalistisch­onkelhaft, teils routiniert­abfällig reagierenden Eingesessenen einen grotesken Schlagabtausch lieferten: Beide Seiten pochten papageienhaft darauf, vom jeweilig eigenen "Volk" autorisiert worden zu sein.

Die ungewollte Komik ihres einträchtig nationalstaatlichen Denkens führte der europäischen Öffentlichkeit unübertrefflich vor Augen, was wirklich fehlt ­ ein Fokus für eine gemeinsame politische Willensbildung der Bürger über folgenreiche politische Weichenstellungen in Kerneuropa

Update:
English translation at "Social Europe":

"Why Angela Merkel is Wrong on Greece"


See also Derek Scally's report in "The Irish Times":
"Greek crisis: Merkel placing investors above democracy, says Habermas"


French translation in "Le Monde" (June 24, 2015):

"La scandaleuse politique grecque de l’Europe

Swedish translation in "Dagens Nyheter" (June 24, 2015):

"Det är vi som bär skulden, inte Grekland

Danish translation in "Information" (June 26, 2015):

"Hvorfor EU’s politik over for Grækenland har spillet fallit" 

(Desværre er Habermas's kritik af den græske regering udeladt!)

 

Saturday, June 20, 2015

Rawls's lectures on Modern Political Philosophy [updated]

Harvard Philosophy Department has uploaded John Rawls' lectures on "Modern Political Philosophy" in the spring semester of 1984 (audio only). 

All eleven lectures are now available:

Lecture 1


Introduction; Fundamental ideas (social cooperation, a well-ordered society).

See Lecture 1 in John Rawls's book "Political Liberalism" (Columbia University Press, 1993), and his "Justice as Fairness" (Belknap Press, 2001), pp. 1-12.

Lecture 2


Fundamental ideas (the basic structure of society, the original position, free and equal persons).

See Lecture 1 in John Rawls's book "Political Liberalism" (Columbia University Press, 1993), and his book "Justice as Fairness" (Belknap Press, 2001), pp. 14-24.

Lecture 3


Fundamental ideas (justification and reflective equilibrium).

See John Rawls's book "Justice as Fairness" (Belknap Press, 2001), pp. 26-32.

Lecture 4


John Locke, part 1

See John Rawls's book "Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy" (ed. by Samuel Freeman, Belknap Press, 2007), pp. 103-137.

Lecture 5


John Locke, part 2

See John Rawls's book "Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy" (ed. by Samuel Freeman, Belknap Press, 2007), pp. 103-137.

Lecture 6


David Hume

See John Rawls's book "Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy" (ed. by Samuel Freeman, Belknap Press, 2007), pp. 159-187.

Lecture 7


Locke and Hume. The principles of justice

See John Rawls's book "Justice as Fairness" (Belknap Press, 2001), part II.

Lecture 8


The principles of justice II

See John Rawls's book "Justice as Fairness" (Belknap Press, 2001), part II.

Lecture 9



Kant's "Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals"

See John Rawls's "Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy" (Harvard University Press, 2000), pp. 143ff.

Lecture 10


Kant's "Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals" II

See John Rawls's "Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy" (Harvard University Press, 2000), pp. 143ff.

Lecture 11


The Original Position 

See John Rawls's "Justice of Fairness" (Belknap Press, 2001), part III, and his lectures on "Kantian Constructivism in Moral Theory", published in his "Collected Papers" (Harvard University Press, 1999) pp. 303-358.

Wednesday, June 17, 2015

Finlayson on Rawls's Criticism of Habermas

James Gordon Finlayson has uploaded a new paper at academia.edu:

"Where the Right Gets in: On Rawls's Criticism of Habermas's Conception of Legitimacy"

James Gordon Finlayson is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Sussex. He is the author of "Habermas: A Very Short Introduction" (Oxford University Press, 2005) and co-editor (with Fabian Freyenhagen) of "Habermas and Rawls: Disputing the Political" (Routledge, 2011).

Larry Temkin on Egalitarianism (video)

Larry Temkin gave a lecture on "Equality as Comparative Fairness" at the Institute for Futures Studies, Stockholm, on May 20, 2015.

You can view a video of his lecture here:


Abstract:
"The goal of this talk is modest. It is simply to help illuminate the nature of egalitarianism. More particularly, I aim to show what certain egalitarians are committed to, and to suggest, though certainly not prove, that equality, as these egalitarians understand it, is an important normative ideal that cannot simply be ignored in moral deliberations.
In doing this, I will distinguish between different kinds of egalitarian positions, and indicate the type of egalitarianism with which I am concerned, which I call equality as comparative fairness. I will discuss the relations between equality, fairness, luck, and responsibility, and defend egalitarianism against rival views that focus on subsistence, sufficiency, or compassion. I will also defend egalitarianism against the leveling down objection, and illustrate egalitarianism’s distinct appeal, in contrast to prioritarianism’s."

See also his paper, forthcoming in "Journal of Applied Ethics".

Larry Temkin is Professor of Philosophy at Rutgers University. He is the author of "Inequality" (Oxford University Press, 1993), and "Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning" (Oxford University Press, 2012).

Friday, May 15, 2015

Updated bibliography on Jürgen Habermas 1992-2015

I have updated my listing of publications on Jürgen Habermas: 

Books and articles on Jürgen Habermas 1992-2015


New and forthcoming in 2015-2016:

Jürgen Habermas: Faktizität und Geltung (Klassiker Auslegen)
PETER KOLLER & CHRISTIAN HIEBAUM (eds.)
(De Gruyter, forthcoming)

Habermas leicht gemacht: Eine Einführung in sein Denken
GEORG RÖMPP
(UTB, forthcoming)

Habermas
KENNETH BAYNES
(Routledge, forthcoming)

Gemeinsame Welt denken: Bedingungen interkultureller Koexistenz bei Jürgen Habermas und Eilert Herms
ANDRÈ MUNZINGER
(Mohr Siebeck, forthcoming)

Rethinking Rawls and Habermas: New Paradigms of Judgment and Justification
GENT CARRABREGU
Political Theory vol. 43 no. 1 (2015), pp. 144-152

Das Dilemma der supranationalen Demokratie
FRITZ W. SCHARPF
Leviathan vol. 43 no. 1 (2015)

Religion und Toleranz von der Aufklärung bis zum postsäkularen Zeitalter: Bayle, Kant und Habermas
RAINER FORST
Postsäkularismus, ed. by Matthias Lutz-Bachmann (Campus Verlag, 2015), pp. 97-134.

A Difference in Kind? Jürgen Habermas and Charles Taylor on Post-secularism
ULRIKE SPOHR
The European Legacy vol. 20 no. 2 (2015), pp. 120-135

Jürgen Habermas im Gespräch mit Joseph Ratzinger
THEODOR EBERT
Aufklärung und Kritik vol. 52 no. 1 (2015)

Political Power and its Pathologies: An Attempt to Reconsider Habermas's Critical Theory of Democracy
FEDERICA GREGORATTO
Constellations, forthcoming.

Judgment and Imagination in Habermas's Theory of Law
THOMAS FOSSEN
Philosophy & Social Criticism, forthcoming.

Discourse Theory's Sociological Claim
DANIEL GAUS
Philosophy & Social Criticism, forthcoming.

Habermas and the Aporia of Translating Religion in Democracy
BADREDINE ARFI
European Journal of Social Theory, forthcoming.

The Latent Cognitive Sociology in Habermas
PIET STRYDOM
Philosophy & Social Criticism vol. 41 no. 3 (2015) pp. 273-291

The Limits of Learning: Habermas' Social Theory and Religion
MAEVE COOKE
European Journal of Philosophy, forthcoming.

The Frankfurt School and the Young Habermas
LUCA CORCHIA
Journal of Classical Sociology vol. 15 no. 2 (2015), pp. 191-208

The Positivist Dispute in German Sociology: A Scientific or a Political Controversy?
HERBERT KEUTH
Journal of Classical Sociology vol. 15 no. 2 (2015), pp. 154-169

Über die unüberwundenen Begründungsdefizite der „Kritischen Theorie“. Von Habermas zu Forst
UWE STEINHOFF
Zeitschrift für kritische Sozialtheorie und Philosophie vol. 2, no. 1 (2015), pp. 67-100.

Autonomy, Natality and Freedom: A Liberal Re-examination of Habermas in the Enhancement Debate
JONATHAN PUGH
Bioethics vol. 29 no. 3 (2015) pp. 145-152 

An Empirically Informed Critique of Habermas's Argument from Human Nature
NICOLAE MORAR
Science and Engineering Ethics vol. 21 no. 1 (2015), pp.95-113 

The Co-originality of Human Rights and Democracy in an International Order
JOHAN KARLSSON SCHAFFER 
International Theory vol. 7 no. 1 (2015), pp. 96-124

Sunday, May 10, 2015

Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights


Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights

Ed. by Rowan Cruft, S. Matthew Liao, and Massimo Renzo

(Oxford University Press, 2015)

720 pages





Contents [preview]

Introduction - Rowan Cruft, S. Matthew Liao & Massimo Renzo 

Part I. Human Rights' Foundations

1. On the Foundations of Human Rights - John Tasioulas 
2. Response to John Tasioulas - Onora O'Neill
3. Human Rights as Fundamental Conditions for a Good Life - S. Matthew Liao 
4. From a Good Life to Human Rights - Rowan Cruft
5. Is Dignity the Foundation of Human Rights? - Jeremy Waldron
6. Human Rights, Natural Rights, and Human Dignity - A. John Simmons
7. Personal Deserts and Human Rights - James W. Nickel
8. Can Moral Desert Qualify or Justify Human Rights? - Zofia Stemplowska 
9. A Social Ontology of Human Rights - Carol Gould 
10. Human Rights, Human Dignity, and Power - Pablo Gilabert 

Part II. Human Rights in Law and Politics

11. Human Rights in the Emerging World Order - Joseph Raz 
12. Joseph Raz on Human Rights: A Critical Appraisal - David Miller 
13. Why International Legal Human Rights? -  Allen Buchanan
14. Human Rights Pragmatism and Human Dignity - David Luban
15. Human Rights and Constitutional Law - Samantha Besson 
16. Specifying Human Rights - Saladin Meckled-Garcia 
17. Rescuing Proportionality - George Letsas 
18. Rescuing Human Rights from Proportionality - Guglielmo Verdirame 

Part III. Canonical and Contested Human Rights

19. Free Speech as an Inverted Right and Democratic Persuasion - Corey Brettschneider 
20. Free Speech and "Democratic Persuasion" - Larry Alexander 
21. Religious Freedom in a Secular World - Lorenzo Zucca 
22. Religious Liberty Conceived as a Human Right - Robert Audi
23. The Right to Security - Liora Lazarus
24. Rights and Security for Human Rights Sceptics - Victor Tadros 
25. Self Determination and the Human Right to Democracy - Thomas Christiano 
26. A Human Right to Democracy? - Fabienne Peter
27. The Content of the Human Right to Health - Jonathan Wolff
28. Do We have a Human Right to the Political Determinants of Health? - Kimberley Brownlee
29. A Moral Inconsistency Argument for a Basic Human Right to Subsistence - Elizabeth Ashford
30. The Force of Subsistence Rights - Charles R. Beitz

Part IV. Human Rights: Concerns and Alternatives

31. The Relativity and Ethnocentricity of Human Rights - James Griffin
32. Human Needs, Human Rights - Massimo Renzo
33. Liberty Rights and the Limits of Liberal Democracy - Jiwei Ci
34. Human Rights without the Human Good? - Simon Hope
35. Care and Human Rights - Virginia Held
36. Care and Human Rights: A Reply to Virginia Held - Susan Mendus
37. Human Rights in Kantian Mode: A Sketch - Katrin Flikschuh 
38. Why there Cannot Be A Truly Kantian Theory of Human Rights - Andrea Sangiovanni

Saturday, May 09, 2015

Kantian Themes from the Philosophy of Thomas E. Hill


Reason, Value, and Respect
Kantian Themes from the Philosophy of Thomas E. Hill, Jr.

Ed. by Mark Timmons and Robert N. Johnson

(Cambridge University Press, 2015)

336 pages




Contents [preview]

Introduction

I. Respect and Self-Respect

1. Servility and Self-Respect - Bernard Boxill & Jan Boxill
2. Humility, Arrogance, and Self-Respect in Kant and Hill - Robin S. Dillon 
3. Respect as Honor and as Accountability - Stephen Darwall

II. Practical Reason

4. Hypothetical Imperatives - Mark Schroeder 
5. More Right than Wrong - Jonathan Dancy
6. Autonomy and Public Reason in Kant - Onora O'Neill

III. Social, Political, and Legal Philosophy

7. Private and Public Conscience [pdf] - Gerald Gaus
8. Kant on Three Defenses in the Law of Homicide - Jeffrie G. Murphy
9. Virtue, Repugnance, and Deontology - Matt Zwolinski & David Schmidtz 
10. But What About the Animals? [pdf] - Cheshire Calhoun 

IV. Kant's Ethics

11. The Supererogatory and Kant's Imperfect Duties - Marcia Baron 
12. Did Kant Hold that Rational Volition is Sub Ratione Boni? [pdf] - Andrews Reath 
13. Kantian Complicity - Julia Driver

V. Conclusion

14. Looking Back: Main Themes and Appreciation - Thomas E. Hill, Jr.

Mark Timmons is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Arizona. He is the author of "Morality without Foundations" (Oxford University Press, 1999) and co-editor (with Sorin Baiasu) of "Kant on Practical Justification" (Oxford University Press, 2013).

Robert Johnson is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Missouri, Columbia. He is the author of "Self-Improvement. An Essay in Kantian Ethics" (Oxford University Press, 2011)

Monday, April 20, 2015

New book on Axel Honneth’s Political Thought



Recognition and Freedom
Axel Honneth’s Political Thought

Ed. by Jonas Jakobsen & Odin Lysaker

(Brill, 2015)

286 pages



Description

Recognition and Freedom brings together leading international scholars to discuss the political thought of the social philosopher Axel Honneth. In addition to providing an introduction to Honneth’s political thought, the book examines topics such as education, solidarity, multiculturalism, agonism, neo-liberalism and the ways in which these issues challenge core aspects of liberal democracies. The book includes an interview with Axel Honneth in the light of his most recent work, Freedom’s Right, as well as an essay by him previously unpublished in English.

Contents [preview]

Introduction - Odin Lysaker & Jonas Jakobsen

1. Education and the Democratic Public Sphere [video] [German text] - Axel Honneth
2. Recognition, Education, and Civic Equality - Simon Laumann Jørgensen
3. Recognition, Solidarity, and the Politics of Esteem - Arto Laitinen
4. Sociality, Anti-Sociality, and Social Work - Heikki Ikäheimo
5. Dimensions of Freedom: Axel Honneth’s Critique of Liberalism - Morten Raffnsøe-Møller
6. Surplus of Indeterminacy: A Hegelian Critique of Neoliberalism - Arne Johan Vetlesen
7. Democratic Disagreement and Embodied Dignity - Odin Lysaker
8. Contextualising Religious Pain: Saba Mahmood, Axel Honneth, and the Danish Cartoons - Jonas Jakobsen
9. Inquiries into Identity: The Struggle for Recognition in Erik Allardt’s Study of Ethnic Conflicts - Arvi-Antti Särkelä
10. Ultimate Values and Immanent Critique - Carl-Göran Heidegren
11. Writing History from a Normative Point of View - Jørgen Pedersen
12. Freedom, Solidarity, and Democracy: An Interview with Axel Honneth - Morten Raffnsøe-Møller

Jonas Jakobsen is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University of Tromsø, Norway.

Odin Lysaker is Associate Professor at the University of Agder, Norway.

See also "Krisis: Journal for Contemporary Philosophy" (2013 no, 1), which features six essays on Axel Honneth's book "Freedom’s Right" and a reply by Honneth.

Tuesday, April 14, 2015

Essays on Rawls's Political Liberalism



Rawls's Political Liberalism

Ed. by Thom Brooks & Martha C. Nussbaum

(Columbia University Press, May 2015)

224 pages




Description

Widely hailed as one of the most significant works in modern political philosophy, John Rawls's Political Liberalism (1993) defended a powerful vision of society that respects reasonable ways of life, both religious and secular. These core values have never been more critical as anxiety grows over political and religious difference and new restrictions are placed on peaceful protest and individual expression.

This anthology of original essays suggests new, groundbreaking applications of Rawls's work in multiple disciplines and contexts. 

Contents [preview]

Preface - Thom Brooks & Martha C. Nussbaum

Introduction - Martha C. Nussbaum

1. Changing Constructions - Onora O'Neill

2. Legitimacy and the Project of Political Liberalism [pdf] - Paul Weithman

3. Isolating Public Reasons - Jeremy Waldron

4. The Capabilities Approach and Political Liberalism - Thom Brooks

5. The Priority of Liberty - Frank I. Michelman

Sunday, April 12, 2015

Follesdal on European identity and public spheres

Two papers by Professor Andreas Føllesdal on European identity and public spheres:

* "A Common European Identity for European Citizenship?" (pdf, 2014)

* "Democracy, Identity and European Public Spheres" (pdf, 2015)

Andreas Føllesdal is Professor of Political Philosophy at the Faculty of Law, University of Oslo. He is co-editor (with Reidar Maliks) of "Kantian Theory and Human Rights" (Routledge, 2014). See my post on the book here.

Thursday, April 09, 2015

Habermas on the Adorno/Scholem Correspondence

"Die Zeit" (April 9, 2015) features an essay by Jürgen Habermas on the Adorno/Scholem correspondence published in "Theodor W. Adorno/Gershom Scholem Briefwechsel 1939-1969: Der liebe Gott wohnt im Detail" (Suhrkamp Verlag, 2015):

"Vom Funken der Wahrheit"
[now available online]

Excerpts
"Adorno und Scholem sind an dem möglichen Wahrheitsgehalt interessiert, den die monotheistischen Überlieferungen unter Bedingungen der Moderne noch entfalten können. Sie suchen nicht nach mythischen oder vorsokratischen Ursprüngen. Der Mythos, den der Logos der großen Weltreligionen überwunden hatte, darf nicht »das letzte Wort behalten«. Nietzsche ist abwesend, und der Schwefel geruch des neuheidnischen Nietzscheanismus erst recht. Das »Umschlagen der Mystik in Aufklärung« bezeichnet den Ort, an dem sich Adorno und Scholem treffen. Dieser hatte das Fortwirken der abgründigen Lehren eines Luria von Safed in den frankistischen Sekten des 18. Jahrhunderts untersucht und bis in die Französische Revolution hinein verfolgt. An dieser revolutionären Einmischung heterodoxer Lehren in die säkulare Gesellschaft sind die beiden aus verschiedenen Gründen interessiert. 

Einem junghegelianischen Adorno steht der Zerfall der Hegelschen Philosophie vor Augen – der »Verwesungsprozess des absoluten Geistes« (Marx). Er sieht im Wahrheitskern der liegen gelassenen Metaphysik ein transzendierendes, ein befreiendes Moment, das die dumpfe Immanenz eines alle Lebensbezirke durchdringenden Kapitalismus aufsprengen könnte. Wie kann dieser Wahrheitskern in den fortgeschrittensten Gestalten der Moderne, vor allem in der Kunst, wirksam werden? Unter dieser Fragestellung empfiehlt Adorno Scholem seine Deutung von Schönbergs Oper Moses und Aron als einem »sakralen Fragment«. Als dieser skeptisch bleibt, wirbt er im Februar 1964 hartnäckig um Verständnis: »Mir will es scheinen, und ich dächte, auch Sie müßten dazu neigen, daß die einzige Möglichkeit, sakrale Kunst, ebenso wie ihren philosophischen Wahrheitsgehalt, zu retten, heute in der rücksichtslosen Einwanderung ins Profane liegt.«

Aber Scholem interessiert sich nicht für die kulturelle Gestalt eines philosophisch vermittelten Wahrheitsgehalts religiösen Ursprungs, der die säkulare Gesellschaft zu sich selber befreien sollte. Vielmehr sucht er in der Dimension der jüdischen Überlieferung, in der sich die Offenbarung fortsetzt, nach Funken der religiösen Wahrheit selbst. So wohnen wir in diesem Briefwechsel einer merkwürdigen Fortsetzung der ehrwürdigen Diskussion über den Gott Abrahams, Isaaks und Jakobs auf der einen, den Gott der Philosophen auf der anderen Seite bei. Scholem sucht die Stimme Gottes in der Tradition, Adorno nur noch dessen anonymes Pochen in den »Schründen« einer entstellten kapitalistischen Gesellschaft."